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研究报告

ADP:2016年第四季度美国劳动力市场工资实现温和增长

关注度:987
2017

2017122日,/HRoot.com/)根据ADP日前发布的美国劳动力市场活力报告(ADP Workforce Vitality Report),2016年第四季度美国劳动力市场工资实现温和增长。该报告是ADP研究所与穆迪(Moody’s Analytics)合作开发的。

该报告追踪了一直处于受雇状态的员工工资增长情况。这组员工分为两类:留任者和转职者。留任者是指一直处于同一个工作岗位的人,转职者是指那些更换工作的人。

就留任者的工资整体而言,在2016年第四季度较上年同期增长4.4%,较第三季度的增长速度4.3%略微上升。转职者的工资增长速度第四季度从上一季度的3.6%上涨为3.7%。平均而言,留任者每小时工资较转职者多10美元。

24岁及以下的在职者,其工资增长最强劲,为8.6%

从整个行业来看,服务业较商品制造业更能够吸引转职者。在所有的服务行业,转职者的工资增长都超过了留任者的工资涨幅。就像第三季度一样,休闲和餐旅行业留任者的工资增长为5.2%,继续引领各行业。全职工人跳槽至休闲和餐旅行业获得的工资涨幅最多为7.3%

只看全职员工的工资增长情况的话,转职者工资平均增长水平为5.1%,在职者工资平均增长水平为4.3%

2016第四季度,美国各行业全职工作留任者和转职者工资增长情况如下:

 

留任者工资同比增长

转职者工资同比增长

所有行业平均

4.3%

5.1%

制造业

4.0%

3.1%

建筑业

4.8%

5.2%

能源和采矿

0.9%

-8.2%

金融和房地产

4.6%

5.4%

信息

5.1%

6.7%

专业和商业服务

4.5%

6.3%

休闲和餐旅

5.2%

7.3%

教育和健康服务

3.9%

6.3%

贸易、运输和公用事业

4.1%

3.6%

 

Wages grow modestly in fourth quarter, ADP report finds

Jan.22,2017,/staffingindustry.com/The US labor market maintained modest growth in wages in the fourth quarter, according to the ADP Workforce Vitality Report, released recently. The ADP Workforce Vitality Report was developed by the ADP Research Institute in collaboration with Moody’s Analytics.

The report tracks a set of workers to determine wage growth among those who are consistently employed. This set of workers falls into two categories: job holders and job switchers. Job holders are those who stay in the same job, and job switchers are those who change jobs.

Wage growth for job holders, overall, rose slightly to 4.4% year over year in the fourth quarter from 4.3% in the third quarter. Job switchers’ wage growth also edged up to 3.7% in the fourth quarter from 3.6% in the third quarter. On average, job holders’ hourly wage levels are $10 more than that of job switchers.

“Employees in the leisure and hospitality industry continued to experience significant wage increases in the fourth quarter of 2016,” said Ahu Yildirmaz, co-head of the ADP Research Institute. “The leisure and hospitality industry was also among the top three industries for employment growth at 2.6%.”

Workers ages 24 and younger posted the most robust wage growth among job holders, up 8.6%.

Considering wages across industries, the service sector proved to be more attractive for job switchers than the goods sector. Across all service industries, job switchers’ wage growth exceeded that of job holders. Much like in the third quarter, leisure and hospitality continued to lead the way in the fourth quarter where job holders’ wages increased by 5.2%. Full-time workers who switched leisure and hospitality jobs gained the most with a 7.3% increase in wages.

Looking at wage growth among only full-time workers, job switchers increased wages by an average of 5.1% and job holders increased wages by an average of 4.3%. 

Wage growth for full-time job holders and job switchers in the fourth quarter of 2016:

  • All: Holders 4.3%; switchers 5.1%
  • Manufacturing: Holders 4.0%; switchers 3.1%
  • Construction: Holders 4.8%; switchers 5.2%
  • Resources and mining: Holders 0.9%; switchers -8.2%
  • Finance and real estate: Holders 4.6%; switchers 5.4%
  • Information: Holders 5.1%; switchers 6.7%
  • Professional and business services: Holders 4.5%; switchers 6.3%
  • Leisure and hospitality: Holders 5.2%; switchers 7.3%
  • Education and health services: Holders 3.9%; switchers 6.3%
  • Trade, transportation and utilities: Holders 4.1%; switchers 3.6%
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